Icts: When it comes to alleviating poverty, expanding access to healthcare and education, and generating new revenue and job opportunities for the underprivileged, information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a pivotal role.
Gaining access to and effective use of ICTs has emerged as a key aspect in fostering economic growth, social progress, and competitiveness.
ICTs, particularly mobile phones, have also facilitated the free movement of ideas and opinions in the previous decade, helping to advance democracy and human rights.
On September 10-11, 2009, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and infoDev hosted a workshop to discuss the obstacles to bridging the digital divide between developing nations.
During the event, participants addressed reducing poverty and working together more effectively to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
There’s a lot to do to increase policy consistency, and we need to do more to involve our partner nations in the process.
The most effective use of ICTs will occur when they are integrated into the larger innovation framework for development.
Broadband Internet access and the role of governments in making it available; mobile payment innovations; ICT security concerns; ICTs for enhancing environmental performance; and the relative importance of ICTs in education are all topics covered in this publication.
Structure of an Information and Communication Technology
The scope of ICTs extends to the world of wireless networks and mobile devices enabled by the internet.
Along with cutting-edge ICTs items like artificial intelligence and robots, this category comprises relics like landline telephones and radio and television broadcasts.
Information and communications technology (ICTs) is often used interchangeably with “IT” (for “information technology”), but it often refers to a more all-encompassing set of elements associated with digital technologies.
The variety of ICTs tools is wide, and it’s just increasing.
Computers and telephones, for example, have been around for quite some time.
Smartphones, digital televisions, and robotics are examples of newer technologies.
However, “ICT” usually refers to more than just those individual parts.
It also includes putting all those pieces to use.
This is where ICTs true promise, power, and peril lie.
Influence of ICTs on Society and Economy
The use of ICT facilitates business, social, and interpersonal relationships.
Innovations in information and communication technology have had far-reaching effects on all aspects of human life.
As computers and later robots take over more and more of the work humans used to do, ICT is reshaping every aspect of human life.
For example, while computers once answered phones and routed calls to the relevant humans, robots may not only answer calls but also provide the services callers request more timely and effectively.
Because of the tremendous impact that ICTs has had on economic growth and company expansion, many people now refer to this period as the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Broad societal changes are also supported by ICTs, as people increasingly prefer digital connections to in-person ones.
The term “Digital Age” is often used to describe the current age.
Despite all of the positive changes brought about by ICTs, access to these tools is not universal.
Most importantly, the advantages and opportunities made possible by ICTs are reserved for wealthier nations and citizens.
Take, for instance, a look at what the World Bank has found.
It was reported in 2016 that more than 75% of the global population has access to a cellphone.
However, because of a lack of information and communication technology infrastructure, many countries still charge exorbitant mobile and fixed Broadband internet access rates.
More than four billion people out of a worldwide population of 7.4 billion do not have access to the internet.
There are only about 1.1 billion people who can use the internet at a decent speed, according to the report.
This disparity in access to ICT has given rise to the so-called digital divide in the United States and worldwide.
Policy and programme advocacy from the World Bank, government authorities, and NGOs is focused on expanding access to information and communication technologies (ICT) for low-income persons and communities.
These organisations argue that individuals unable to use ICT will continue to fall behind in social and economic mobility because they will be shut out of the many opportunities and benefits that the widespread use of ICT enables.
To “substantially increase access to information and communications technology and try to provide universal and inexpensive access to the internet in least developed countries by 2020,” is one of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
The economic benefits can be seen in the information and communication technology (ICT) industry and other sectors of business and society.
The creation and distribution of various technologies within the ICT market have become more cost-effective thanks to the progress of ICT skills, which has opened up new market prospects for ICT vendors and their clients.
By switching to modern networking materials, telephone companies no longer need to construct and maintain miles of telephone lines; they can now offer a wider range of services to their customers, including television and the internet, at various pricing points.
Incorporating ICT into Organizational Strategy
Improvements in information and communication technology (ICT) have resulted in numerous monetary and time-saving benefits for organisations.
They range from ICT-enabled transactions like internet shopping and telemedicine to social media that give customers more options in how they shop, communicate, and interact, and from big data revolutions where organisations are turning the vast trove of data generated by ICT into insights that drive new products and services.
However, ICT has also presented new difficulties for businesses, individuals, and society.
Since criminals can now use technology to steal money, intellectual property, or private information or disrupt systems that control critical infrastructure, crime has reached new heights alongside the rise of the digital data economy, the proliferation of high-speed internet, and the expansion of the global network.
ICT made automation and robotics possible by ICT, but they have also led to the displacement of workers who could not retool for new roles successfully.
And because of ICT, more and more people are isolating themselves from society, leading to concerns that we are losing some of the qualities that make us human.